Книга: Искусство отдыха. Как качественно отдыхать в эпоху вечной занятости
Назад: Благодарности
Дальше: Примечания

Примечания

1

Peterson, A.H., How Millennials Became the Burnout Generation. BuzzFeed, 05 01 2019. https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/annehelenpetersen/millennials-burnout-generation-debt-work

2

Health & Safety Executive, ‘Work-related Stress, Depressionor Anxiety Statistics in Great Britain, 2018’. HSE, 31 01 2018. http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis/stress.pdf

3

National Safety Council (2017) Fatigue in the Workplace: Causes &Consequences of Employee Fatigue. Illinois: National Safety Council

4

Mental Health Foundation (May 2018) Stress: Are We Coping? London: Mental Health Foundation

5

Baines, E. & Blatchford, P. (2019) School Break and Lunch Times and Young People’s Social Lives: A Follow-up National Study, Final Report. London: UCL Institute of Education

6

Rhea, D.J. & Rivchun, A.P. (2018) ‘The LiiNK Project: Effects of Multiple Recesses and Character Curriculum on Classroom Behaviors and Listening Skills in Grades K‐2 Children’. Frontiers in Education, 3, 9

7

Medic, G. et al (2017) ‘Short- and Long-term Health Consequences of Sleep Disruption’. Nature and Science of Sleep, 9, 151–61

8

Если хотите попробовать сами, более подробное описание есть в замечательной книге Марка Уильямса и Дэнни Пенмана (2011) Mindfulness. London: Piatkus

9

Нью-эйдж ― это так называемые религии «Нового Века», которыми пользуются идеологи мистических, оккультных и астрологических объединений. Их последователи считают, что вскоре наступит новый, более высокодуховный период в жизни человечества.

10

Из описания паломничества Джона Кабат-Зинна к Дереву Бодхи в 1994. Bodhitree25 03 2017. https://bodhitree.com/journal/from-thearchives/

11

Goleman, D. & Davidson, R.J. (2017) The Science of Meditation: How to Change Your Brain, Mind and Body. London: Penguin

12

На предмет доказательств эффективности практик самосознания можно почитать вот этот прекрасный обзор. Creswell, J.D. (2017) ‘Mindfulness Interventions’. Annual Review of Psychology, 68, 491–516

13

У того же Крэсвелла хорошо описаны все эти темы.

14

Creswell, J.D. (2017). ‘Mindfulness Interventions’. Annual Review of Psychology, 68, 491–516

15

Goleman, D. & Davidson, R.J. (2017) The Science of Meditation: How to Change Your Brain, Mind and Body. London: Penguin

16

Baer, R.A. et al (2004). ‘Assessment of Mindfulness by Self-report: The Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills’. Assessment, 11 (3), 191–206

17

Giluk, T.L. (2015) ‘Mindfulness, Big Five Personality, and Affect: A Meta-analysis’. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 805–81

18

Gawrysiak, M.J. et al (2018) ‘The Many Facets of Mindfulness & the Prediction of Change Following MBSR’. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 74 (4), 523–35

19

Shapiro, S.L. et al (2011) ‘The Moderation of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Effects by Trait Mindfulness: Results from a Randomised Controlled Trial’. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67 (3), 267–77

20

Galante J. et al (2017) ‘A Mindfulness-based Intervention to Increase Resilience to Stress in University Students (The Mindful Student Study): A Pragmatic Randomised Controlled Trial’. The Lancet Public Health, 3 (2) 72–81

21

Langer, E.J. (2014) Mindfulness. Boston: Da Capo Lifelong Books

22

Lee, B. & Lee, R.S. (1995) ‘How and Why People Watch TV: Implications for the Future of Interactive Television’. Journal of Advertising Research, Nov/Dec

23

Термин «Рейтианство» описывает принципы вещания, которыми пользовался генеральный директор Британской радиовещательной корпорации лорд Джон Чарльз Уолшем Рейт. Это означает учет всех точек зрения, честность, универсальность и приверженность государственной службе. Однако при этом во времена Рейта у зрителей не было большого выбора, кроме высококлассного программирования BBC.

24

Тот же источник, что и вышесказанного.

25

Greenwood, D.N. (2008) ‘Television as an Escape from Self ’. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 414–24

26

Pearlin, L.I. (1959) ‘Social and Personal Stress and Escape in Television Viewing’. Public Opinion Quarterly, 23 (2), 255–9

27

Conway, J.C. & Rubin, A.M. (1991) ‘Psychological Predictors of Television Viewing Motivation’. Communication Research, 18 (4), 443–63

28

Tichi, C. (1991) The Electronic Hearth. Oxford: Oxford University Press

29

Kubey, R. et al (1990) ‘Television and the Quality of Family Life’. Communication Quarterly, 38 (4), 312–24

30

Британское телешоу, полное название – «Strictly Come Dancing» (Прим. пер.).

31

Krants-Kent, R. & Stewart, J. (2007) ‘How Do Older Americans Spend Their Time?’. Monthly Labor Review Online, 130 (5), 8–26

32

Valkenburg, P.M. & van der Voort, T.H.A. (1994). ‘Influence of TV on Daydreaming and Creative Imagination: A Review of Research’. Psychological Bulletin, 116 (2), 316–39

33

Tukachinsky, R. & Eyal, K. (2018) ‘The Psychology of Marathon Television Viewing: Antecedents and Viewer Involvement’. Mass Communication and Society, 21 (3), 275–95

34

Sung, Y.H. et al (2015) A Bad Habit for Your Health? An Exploration of Psychological Factors for Binge-watching Behaviour. Puerto Rico: 65th Annual International Communication Association Conference

35

Frey, B.S. et al (2007) ‘Does Watching TV Make Us Happy?’. Journal of Economic Psychology, 28 (3), 283–313

36

Szabo, A. & Hopkinson, K.L. (2007) ‘Negative Psychological Effects of Watching the News on the Television: Relaxation or Another Intervention May Be Needed to Buffer Them!’. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 14 (2), 57–62

37

Werneck, A.O. et al (2018) ‘Associations Between TV Viewing and Depressive Symptoms Among 60,202 Brazilian Adults: The Brazilia National Health Survey’. Journal of Affective Disorders, 236, 23–30

38

Scanlan, J.N. et al (2011) ‘Promoting Wellbeing in Young Unemployed Adults: The Importance of Identifying Meaningful Patterns of Time Use’. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 58 (2), 111–19

39

Nguyen, G.T. et al (2008) ‘More Than Just a Communication Medium: What Older Adults Say About Television and Depression’. The Gerontologist, 48 (3), 300–10

40

Lucas, M. et al (2011) ‘Relation Between Clinical Depression Ris and Physical Activity and Time Spent Watching Television in Older Women: A 10-year Prospective Follow-up Study’. American Journa of Epidemiology, 174 (9), 1017–27

41

Shiue, I. (2016) ‘Modeling Indoor TV/Screen Viewing and Adult Physical and Mental Health: Health Survey for England, 2012’. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23 (12), 11708–15

42

Fancourt, D. & Steptoe, A. (2019) ‘Television Viewing a Cognitive Decline in Older Age: Findings from the English 51)

43

Mesquita, G. & Rubens, R. (2010) ‘Quality of Sleep Among University Students: Effects of Night-time Computer Television Use’. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, 68 (5), 720–5

44

Custers, K. & Van den Bulck, J. (2012) ‘Television Viewing, Internet and Self-Reported Bedtime and Rise Time in Adults: Implications for Sleep Hygiene Recommendations from an Exploratory CrossSectional Study’. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 10, 96–105

45

Mitesh, K. & Tobias, R. (2011) ‘A Note on the Relationship Between Television Viewing and Individual Happiness’. The ournal of Socio-Economics, 40 (1), 53–8

46

Kubey, R.W. & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990) ‘Television as Escape: Subjective Experience Before an Evening of Heavy Viewing’. Communication Reports, 3 (2), 92–100

47

Hammermeister, J. et al (2005) ‘Life Without TV? Cultivation Theory and Psychosocial Health Characteristics of Televisionfree Individuals and their Television-viewing Counterparts’. Health Communication, 17 (3), 253–64

48

Reinecke, L. et al (2014) ‘The Guilty Couch Potato: The Role of Ego Depletion in Reducing Recovery through Medi Use’. Journal of Communication, 64 (4), 569–89

49

Боуи не стало как раз в начале того месяца, ему было 69. Угадайте, где я находилась, когда услышала об этом? Правильно, в постели.

50

Fernyhough, C. & Alderson-Day, B. (2016) ‘Descriptive Experience Sampling as a Psychological Method’. In Callard, F et al (Eds) The Restless Compendium. London: Palgrave Pivot

51

Естественно, как справедливо отметили ряд психологов-когнитивистов, даже если человек спокойно лежит под сканером, мы не можем быть уверены в том, что он занят лишь своими мыслями. Он может думать о том, сколько еще осталось лежать, или рассматривать внутренние стенки сканера. Gilbert, S.J. et al (2007) ‘Comment on “Wandering minds”’. Science, 317, 43b

52

Biswal, B. et al (1995) ‘Functional Connectivity in the Motor Cortex of the Resting Human Brain Using Echo-planar MRI’. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 34 (4), 537–41

53

Позитронно-эмиссионная томография (Прим. пер.).

54

Shulman, G.L. (1997) ‘Searching for Activations that Generalize Over Tasks’. Human Brain Mapping, 5 (4), 317–22

55

Raichle, M.E. (2010) ‘The Brain’s Dark Energy’. Scientific American, 302, 44–9

56

Больше о грезах и «Тесте на отдых» можно узнать, послушав The Anatomy of Rest, Episode 2: ‘Does the Mind Rest?’. BBC Radio 4, 20 10 2016. https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b07vq2by

57

Raichle, M.E. et al (2001) ‘A Default Mode of Brain Function’. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 98 (2), 676–82

58

Gilbert, S.J. et al (2007) ‘Comment on “Wandering Minds”’. Science, 317, 43b

59

Fox, M.D. & Raichle, M.E. (2007) ‘Spontaneous Fluctuations in Brain Activity Observed with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging’. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8, 700–11

60

Raichle, M.E. (2015) ‘The Restless Brain: How Intrinsic Activity Organizes Brain Function’. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 370 (1668). https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2014.0172

61

Smith, K. (2012) ‘Neuroscience: Idle Minds’. Nature, 489 (7416) 356–8

62

Karlsson M. P. & Frank, L.M. (2009) ‘Awake Replay of Remote Experiences in the Hippocampus’. Nature Neuroscience, 12 (7), 913–18

63

Bar, M. (2009) ‘The Proactive Brain: Memory for Predictions’. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 364, 1235– 43

64

Powell, H. (2016) ‘The Quest for Quies Mentis’. In Callard, F. et al (Eds) The Restless Compendium. London: Palgrave Pivot

65

Killingsworth, M.A. & Gilbert, D.T. (2010) ‘A Wandering Mind is an Unhappy Mind’. Science, 330, 932

66

Smallwood, J. & Andrews-Hanna, J. (2013) ‘Not All Minds that Wander Are Lost: The Importance of a Balanced Perspectiv on the Mind-wandering State’. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 441

67

Leger, K.A. et al (2018) ‘Let It Go: Lingering Negative Affec in Response to Daily Stressors Is Associated with Physical Health Years Later’. Psychological Science, 1283–90

68

Clancy, F. et al (2016) ‘Perseverative Cognition and Health Behaviors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis’. Frontiers of Human Neuroscience, 10, 534

69

Smallwood, J. & Andrews-Hanna, J. (2013) ‘Not All Minds tha Wander Are Lost: The Importance of a Balanced Perspective on the Mind-wandering State’. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 441

70

Interview with Michael Scullin, All in the Mind. BBC Radio 4, 16 05 2018. https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0b2jh7g

71

Kerkhof, A. (2010) Stop Worrying.Milton Keynes: Open University Press

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Scullin, M.K. et al (2018). ‘The Effects of Bedtime Writing on Difficulty Falling Asleep: A Polysomnographic Study Comparing To-do Lists and Completed Activity Lists’. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147 (1), 139–46

73

Замечательная статья с обзором гигиенических практик от Древней Греции и до самого двадцатого века – Tubergen, A.C. & Linden, S.V.D. (2002) ‘A Brief History of Spa Therapy’. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 61 (3), 273–5

74

Frosch, W.A. (2007) ‘Taking the Waters – Springs, Wells and Antonelli, M. & Donelli, D. (2018) ‘Effects of Balneotherapy and Spa Therapy on Levels of Cortisol as a Stress Biomarker: rology, 62 (6), 913–24

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Naumann, J. (2018) ‘Effects and Feasibility of Hyperthermic Baths for Patients with Depressive Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Pilot Trial’. bioRxiv 409276. https://doi. Org/10.1101/409276

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Walker, M. (2017) Why We Sleep. London: Allen Lane

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82

Whitworth-Turner, C. et al (2017) ‘A Shower Before Bedtime May Improve the Sleep Onset Latency of Youth Soccer Players: This Is Interesting’. European Journal of Sport Science, 17 (9) 1119–28

83

Faulkner, S.H. et al (2017) ‘The Effect of Passive Heating on Tool for Metabolic Diseases?’. Temperature, 4 (3), 292–304

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Monk, R. (1991) Ludwig Wittgenstein: The Duty of Genius. London: Vintage

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Suzuki, H. (2015) ‘Characteristics of Sudden Bath-related Death Investigated by Medical Examiners in Tokyo, Japan’. Journal of Epidemiology, 25 (2), 126–32

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Kim, S.Y. (2006) ‘A Case of Multiple Organ Failure Due to Hea Stroke Following a Warm Bath’. Korean Journal of Internal Medicine, 21 (3), 210–12

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Webb, C.E. et al (2017) ‘Stepping Forward Together: Could Walking Facilitate Interpersonal Conflict Resolution?’. American Psychologist, 72 (4), 374–85

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Chekroud, S.R. (2018) ‘Association Between Physical Exercise and Mental Health in 12 Million Individuals in the USA Between 2011 and 2015: A Cross-sectional Study’. Lancet Psychiatry, 5 (9 739–46

99

Опубликованные в 2018 году данные Public Health England на тему коротких прогулок и отсутствия физической активности среди людей в возрасте от 40 до 60 лет – https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/brisk-walking-and-physical-inactivity-in‐40-to‐60-year-olds

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104

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105

Популярная британская телевикторина. (Прим. ред).

106

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Cowan, N. et al (2004) ‘Verbal Recall in Amnesiacs Under Conditions of Diminished Retroactive Interference’. Brain, 127, 825–34

129

Вы могли подумать, что некоторые участники могли повторять слова про себя во время перерывов, но Дюэр так просто не обхитрить. Она заставляла участников запоминать слова на других языках, причем именно сложнопроизносимые. Это не позволяло им проговаривать слова вслух, чтобы лучше их запомнить. Таким образом была получена демонстрация того, что слова лучше вспоминаются, если ничего не делать.

130

Решение: все хорошо, что хорошо кончается; лучше синица в руке, чем жаворонок в небе.

131

От слов life – жизнь и admin – администратор. (Прим. ред.)

132

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133

Smith, R.P. (1958) How to Do Nothing with Nobody All Alone by Yourself. New York: Tin House Books. There’s also a lovely summary on Brainpickings, 24 10 2014. https://www.brainpickings.org/2014/10/24/how-to-do-nothing-with-nobody-all-alone-by-yourself/

134

Книга не выходила на русском, однако переводится это примерно так – «Как не делать ничего в одиночестве, в абсолютном уединении и полном безлюдье» (Прим. пер.).

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Summers, P. (2018) The Spirit of This Place: How Music Illumin ates the Human Spirit. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 150

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Colette (1974) Earthly Paradise. London: Penguin.

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Larson R. W. et al (1982) ‘Time Alone in Daily Experience: Loneliness or Renewal?’. In Peplau, L.A. & Perlman, D. (Eds) Loneliness: A Sourcebook of Current Theory, Research and Therapy. New York: Wiley

157

Matias, G.P. et al (2011) ‘Solitude and Cortisol: Associations with State and Trait Affect in Daily Life’. Biological Psychology, 86, 314–19

158

Long, C.R. & Averill, J.R. (2003) ‘Solitude: An Exploration of the Benefits of Being Alone’. Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 33 (1), 21–44

159

Russell, D.W. et al (2012) ‘Is Loneliness the Same as Being Alone?’. The Journal of Psychology, 146 (1–2), 7–22

160

Это из моего интервью для The Truth about Mental Health: Four Walls, BBC World Service, 16.06.2013

161

Markson, D. (1988) Wittgenstein’s Mistress. Illinois: Dalkey Archive Press

162

Bowker, J. (2017) ‘How BIS/BA and Psycho-behavioral Variables Distinguish Between Social Withdrawal Subtypes during Emerging Adulthood’. Personality and Individual Differences, 119, 283–8

163

Akrivou, K. et al (2011) ‘The Sound of Silence – A Space for orality? The Role of Solitude for Ethical Decision Making’. Journal of Business Ethics, 102, 119–33

164

Эксперимент BBC на тему одиночества был разработан Памелой Куолтер, Мануэлой Баррето и Кристиной Виктор. Результаты можно найти здесь: Hammond, C. (2018) ‘Who Feels Lonely? The Results of the World’s Largest Loneliness Study’. The Anatomy of Loneliness, BBC Radio 4, 01.10.2018. https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/2yzhfv4DvqVp5nZyxBD8G23/who-feels-lonely-theresults-of-the-world-s-largest-loneliness-study

165

The Campaign to End Loneliness. ‘Is Loneliness a Growing Problem?’. https://www.campaigntoendloneliness.org/frequently-asked-questions/is-loneliness-increasing/

166

Valtorta, N.K. et al (2016) ‘Loneliness and Social Isolation as Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Longitudinal Observational Studies’. Heart, 102 (13), 1009–16

167

Hawkley, L.C. et al (2010) ‘Loneliness Predicts Increased Blood Pressure: 5 Year Cross-lagged Analyses in Middle-aged and Older Adults’. Psychology and Aging, 25 (1), 132–41

168

Holt-Lunstad, J. et al (2015) ‘Loneliness and Social Isolation as Risk Factors for Mortality: A Meta-analytic Review’. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10 (2), 227–37

169

Heinrich, L.M. & Gullone, E. (2006) ‘The Clinical Significance of Loneliness: A Literature Review’. Clinical Psychology Review, 26 (6), 695–718

170

Cacioppo, J.T. et al (2010) ‘Perceived Social Isolation Makes Me Sad’. Psychology and Aging, 25 (2), 453–63

171

The interview I did with Barbara Taylor is in The Anatomy of Loneliness. BBC Radio 4, 02.10.2019. https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m0000mj8

172

Mann, T. (1912) Death in Venice and Other Tales. London: Vintage Classic Europeans

173

Detrixhe, J. et al (2014) ‘A Lonely Idea: Solitude’s Separation from Psychological Research and Theory’. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 50 (3), 310–31

174

Trevor, W. (2010) Felicia’s Journey. London: Penguin

175

Maes, M. et al (2016) ‘Loneliness and Attitudes toward Aloneness in Adolescence: A Person-centred Approach’. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 45, 547–67

176

Galanki, E.P. (2004) ‘Are Children Able to Distinguish Among the Concepts of Aloneness, Loneliness and Solitude?’ International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28, 435–43

177

Larson, R.W. (1997) ‘The Emergence of Solitude as a Constructive Domain of Experience in Early Adolescence’. Child Development, 68 (1), 80–93

178

Danneel, S. et al (2018) ‘Developmental Change in Loneliness and Attitudes toward Aloneness in Adolescence’. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 47, 148–61

179

Larson, R.W. (1997) ‘The Emergence of Solitude as a Constructive Domain of Experience in Early Adolescence’. Child Development, 68 (1), 80–93

180

Detrixhe, J. et al (2014) ‘A Lonely Idea: Solitude’s Separation from Psychological Research and Theory’. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 50 (3), 310–31

181

Larson, R.W. (2014) ‘A Comparison of Positive and Negative Episodes of Solitude’. Master’s Thesis, Amherst: University of Massachusetts

182

Morris, C. (Ed.) (1949) The Journeys of Celia Fiennes. London: The Cresset Press, 67

183

Korpela, K.M. (2003) ‘Negative Mood and Adult Place Preference’. Environment and Behavior, 35 (3), 331–46

184

Jonson, S.A.K. (2011) ‘The Use of Nature for Emotional Regulation: Towards a Conceptual Framework’. Ecopsychology, 3 (3), 175–85

185

Можете послушать мое интервью с Ричардом Мэйби на All in the Mind. BBC Radio 4, 26.06.2012. https://www.bbc.co.uk/ sounds/play/b01k1nl3

186

Ulrich, R.S. (1984) ‘View Through a Window May Influence ecovery from Surgery’. Science, 224, 420–1

187

Ulrich, R. et al (1993) ‘Exposure to Nature and Abstract Pictures on Patients Recovering from Open Heart Surgery’. Psychophysiology: Journal of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, 30, S7

188

Отличный обзор немногочисленных исследований в этой области – Thompson, C.J. (2011) ‘Does Participating in Physical Activity in Outdoor Natural Environments Have a Greater Effect on Physical and Mental Well-being than Physical Activity Indoors? A Systematic Review’. Environmental Science & Technology, 45 (5), 1761–72

189

Lee, K.E. (2015) ‘40-second Green Roof Views Sustain Attention: The Role of Micro-breaks in Attention Restoration’. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 42 (2015) 182–9

190

Ulrich, R.S. (2008) ‘Biophilic Theory and Research for Healthcare Design’. In Kellert, S.R. et al (Eds) Biophilic Design: The Theory, Science and Practice of Bringing Buildings to Life. New Jersey: John Wiley

191

Lohr, V.L. & Pearson-Mims, C.H. (2006) ‘Responses to Scenes with Spreading, Rounded and Conical Tree Forms’. Environment and Behavior, 38, 667–88

192

Joye, Y. & Van den Berg, A. (2011) ‘Is Love for Green in our Genes? A Critical Analysis of Evolutionary Assumptions in Restorative Environments Research’. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening,10 (4), 261–8

193

Martens, D. et al (2011) ‘Walking in “Wild” and “Tended” Urban Forests: The Impact on Psychological Well-being’. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 31, 36–44

194

Parsons, R. (1991) ‘The Potential Influences of Environmental Perception on Human Health’. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 11, 1–23

195

Gatersleben, B. & Andrews, M. (2013) ‘When Walking in Nature Is Not Restorative – The Role of Prospect and Refuge’. Health & Place, 20, 91–101

196

Hagerhall, S.M. (2004) ‘Fractal Dimensions of Landscape Silhouette Outlines as a Predictor of Landscape Preference’. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24, 247–55

197

Bratman, G.N. et al (2015) ‘Nature Experience Reduces Rumination and Subgenual Prefrontal Cortex Activation’. PNAS, 112 (28), 8567–72

198

Korpela, K. et al (2017) ‘Enhancing Wellbeing with Psychological Tasks Along Forest Trails’. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 26, 25–30

199

Richardson, M. & Sheffield, D. (2015) ‘Reflective Self-attention: A More Stable Predictor of Connection to Nature than Mindful Attention’. Ecopsychology, 7 (3), 166–75

200

Jamie, K. (2012) Sightlines. London: Sort of Books

201

Earth Science & Remote Sensing Unit High Definition Earth Viewing System. NASA, 30.04.2014. https://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/ESRS/HDEV/

202

Kaplan, R. & Kaplan, S. (1989) The Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

203

Ratcliffe, E. & Korpela, K. (2017). ‘Time- and Self-related Memories Predict Restorative Perceptions of Favorite Places Via Place Identity’. Environment and Behavior, 50 (6), 690–720

204

Wyles, K.J. et al (2017) ‘Are Some Natural Environments More Psychologically Beneficial than Others? The Importance of Type and Quality on Connectedness to Nature and Psychologica Restoration’. Environment and Behavior, 51 (2), 111–43

205

Van den Berg, A. et al (1998) ‘Group Differences in the Aesthetic Evaluation of Nature Development Plans: A Multilevel Approach’. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 18, 141–57

206

Diener, E. et al (2009) ‘New Well-being Measures: Short Scales to Assess Flourishing and Positive and Negative Feelings’. Social Indicators Research, 97, (2), 143–56

207

Nell, V. (1988) ‘The Psychology of Reading for Pleasure: Needs and Gratifications’. Reading Research Quarterly, 23 (1), 6–50

208

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